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Adolf Anderssen vs Jean Dufresne

The Evergreen Game, Italian Game, The Evan's Gambit

The evergreen game was played between Adolf Andersen and Jean Dufresne in Berlin, Germany. It stays up to date up to this day, hence the name the evergreen game. Anderssen drags Dufresne into the deep waters and dangers of The Evans Gambit.

PGN ANALYSIS
Cinematic Video

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jQuery(document).ready(function($) { var selector = '#' + "rpbchessboard-63e0c79f71569-1" + ' .rpbchessboard-chessgameAnchor'; RPBChessboard.renderPGN($(selector), {"pgn":"[Event \"Berlin 'Evergreen'\"] [Site \"Berlin\"] [Date \"1852.??.??\"] [Round \"?\"] [White \"Anderssen, Adolf\"] [Black \"Dufresne, Jean\"] [Result \"1-0\"] [ECO \"C52\"] [Annotator \"Kasparov,G\"] [PlyCount \"47\"] [EventDate \"1852.??.??\"] [EventType \"game\"] [EventRounds \"1\"] [EventCountry \"GER\"] [SourceTitle \"CBM 059\"] [Source \"ChessBase\"] [SourceDate \"1997.08.01\"] {The classic “Evergreen Game”. The game that never goes out of style or loses it’s charm. It has been studied and talked about since it was played all the way back in 1852.} 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bc4 Bc5 4. b4 {The Evans Gambit. An ambitious approach against black’s Italian game.} (4. c3 Nf6 5. d3 {This is a very popular approach at the elite level. It leads to a flexible game for both sides and hopes that white can achieve an advantage. It is covered in the article on the Italian Game.}) 4... Bxb4 5. c3 {[#] White sacrifices the b-pawn so that they can accelerate their own development and build a larger center with d2-d4. Now black has many responses.} Ba5 {This is the classical approach.} ( 5... Bd6 $5 {GM Robert Hess once played this way against me. It gives white easy play. The typical way the game continues is like this.} 6. d4 Nf6 7. O-O O-O 8. Re1 h6 $1 {This move is important to stop Bg5 or Ng5.} (8... Re8 $2 9. Ng5 {[%cal Re4e5]} Re7 10. f4 $1) 9. Nbd2 {White usually plays Bd3, Nc4 with great play against the black center.}) (5... Be7 $5 6. d4 Na5 $1 {This is a good way to deal with white’s pressure on the center.} (6... d6 $2 {[%csl Rf7]} 7. Qb3 $1 {[%csl Rf7][%cal Gb3f7]})) (5... Bc5 $6 {[%csl Rc5] Walks into white’s plan of d2-d4.} 6. d4 exd4 7. O-O $5 {Hoping to bait white into a classic trap.} dxc3 8. Bxf7+ Kxf7 9. Qd5+ Ke8 10. Qxc5 d6 11. Qxc3 {[%csl Gc1, Gc3][%cal Gc3g7] The opposite colored bishops and black’s inability to castle give white a big advantage.}) 6. d4 exd4 7. O-O (7. Qb3 Qe7 8. O-O Bb6 9. cxd4 Nxd4 10. Nxd4 Bxd4 11. Nc3 Nf6 12. Bg5 {I played this way in a game I needed to win against IM John Bartholomew to get my second GM norm.}) 7... d3 8. Qb3 Qf6 9. e5 Qg6 10. Re1 Nge7 11. Ba3 {[#][%cal Gc4f7,Ga3e7] The bishops bearing down on the black king is a common tactical feature in the Evans Gambit.} b5 $2 {This type of move was typical of the time period. Black does not think to try to hold on to their material to claim an advantage later. He sacrifices it back to try to get an initiative but it is totally uncalled for here.} (11... O-O $1 {Black was best of castling and taking care of the king.}) 12. Qxb5 Rb8 13. Qa4 Bb6 14. Nbd2 Bb7 15. Ne4 Qf5 $2 {This move costs black dearly. Once again black can spare no time and must castle immediately. It’s hard to justify this move.} 16. Bxd3 Qh5 {[#][%csl Re1][%cal Re1e8]} 17. Nf6+ $2 (17. Ng3 $1 Qh6 18. Rad1 {White is threatening Bc1 among other things. Black is totally lost at this point.}) 17... gxf6 18. exf6 Rg8 $1 19. Rad1 $5 Qxf3 $4 {This move costs black the game. Most chess books I grew up reading mentioned Rg4 as the best defense. It turns out the the computer spots two convincing defenses for black here. One is completely unexpected but the second is more normal for a person.} (19... Bd4 $3 {[%csl Yd4][%cal Gd1d7] An absolutely brilliant move. It’s understandable that black wouldn’t find it. It’s main function is to block the incoming attack down the center files.} 20. cxd4 {[%csl Rd4][%cal Gd1d7]} Qxf3 21. Be4 Rxg2+ 22. Kh1 Rxh2+ 23. Kxh2 Qxf2+ $11) (19... Qh3 $1 20. Bf1 $1 Qf5 $13) (19... Rg4 $6 {This is better for white with correct play but keeps black in the game.}) 20. Rxe7+ $1 {This move starts one of the most famous combinations in chess history. White must play checking moves from here on out or else their king will surely perish.} Nxe7 $5 21. Qxd7+ $3 Kxd7 {[#] [%csl Rd7][%cal Gd1d7]} 22. Bf5+ {[%cal Gd1d7,Gf5d7]} Ke8 (22... Kc6 23. Bd7# $1 {This move reminds me of a variation from my game with Argandona which is also in the lesson archive.}) 23. Bd7+ Kf8 24. Bxe7# {A glorious finish for white. White’s swashbuckling style paid off with a spectacular win.} 1-0","nboSquareSize":50,"idoSquareSize":50,"nboCoordinateVisible":true,"idoCoordinateVisible":true,"nboColorset":"greenvintage","idoColorset":"greenvintage","nboPieceset":"new-set-mac","idoPieceset":"new-set-mac","nboAnimated":true,"nboMoveArrowVisible":false,"nboMoveArrowColor":"b","pieceSymbols":"native","navigationBoard":"frame","withFlipButton":true,"withDownloadButton":true}); });

Adolf Anderssen vs Jean Dufresne

The Evergreen Game, Italian Game, The Evan's Gambit

Today we look at one of the most classic games in chess history, the evergreen game . This game was publishes in the “Deutsche Schachzeitung” in 1852 and played by Adolf Anderssen who is also famously known for playing the winning side of the “Immortal Game”. Play during this time period was usually all out attacking chess. This game is one of the crown jewels of this era and is still as incredible now as it was when it was played almost 170 years ago!

The Evergreen Game Anderssen Vs Dufresne Online Chess Course
The Evergreen Game , Berlin , Germany
Adolf Anderssen
Jean Dufresne
Italian Game, The Evan’s Gambit
19th Century, 1852

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